Support to the Exploitation and Research of Earth Observation data 1 (STEREO 1)

Description

The general focus is on making the best possible use of the large quantity of satellite data available either now or in the near future. Research efforts should be geared to topics such as the testing of signal sensitivity, signal consistency and modelling for various variables in optical and SAR time series. At the same time, advanced research into the complementarity of optical and SAR data and the efficient integration of data with different spatial resolutions is needed.

The research should lead to the development or improvement of products and services. In view of usable applications, particular attention should be paid to the automation of image-processing and features such as accuracy, reliability and reproducibility.

Pole "Local vegetation and associated parameters" (A)

For the agricultural sector, the pole should focus on exploring new possibilities the exploitation of data from very high resolution (VHR) optical sensors, hyperspectrometers and multipolariser (HR) radar presents. Research may be directed towards topics such as improving farming statistics and yield prediction, detecting subtle differences in soil humidity, characterising ground roughness and soil salinity, monitoring crop growth, following up agro-environmental directives (EU), evaluating soil quality, detecting and visualising stress conditions, estimating disaster damage and precision farming. For the forestry sector, specific research may be possible on optimal pre-inventory information extraction (with treetype recognition), follow-up of forest structure, biomass and damage estimates, disease assessment, biodiversity and qualitative parameters such as complexity and vitality.

Pole "Cartography, environmental planning and land management" (B)

The research may be directed towards the development of algorithms for the extraction of specific information (such as object and pattern recognition) or the combination of data sources for topographical and thematic mapping, planning and modelling of land management, land registry, planning of regional development and urban management, tourism, insurance, public utilities, geo-marketing, updating of atlases, generation of indicators for the study of landscapes and cities, humanitarian applications and automatic change detection.

Pole: Study of coastal areas ©

The research should contribute to a better detection of, and scientific insight into, coastal and marine phenomena, the testing or improving of hydrodynamic models, and increased knowledge of the interactions between land, sea and atmosphere; or to the extraction of useful information for shipping, fishing and aquaculture and for bio-ecological indicators (preservation of natural resources and biodiversity), in view of protection against natural disasters and anthropogenic damage, and for coast or water quality inspections. It is important to develop an integrated approach that uses satellite data, in situ measurements and models and to develop information systems and Internet-based services that respond to the information needs of the various users.

New Technologies and Innovation (D)

The research contained in this section is directed towards new or improved generic approaches and algorithm development for data-processing (in particular, for new types of data), but always with practical applications in mind. Combining earth observation, GPS and telecommunications systems, may also be considered. Concerning the efficient processing of major data streams, efforts may be directed towards robust techniques for filtering, segmentation, compact visualisation and compression, image recovery, high-performance change detection agents, multi-sensor operability, fast object and pattern recognition, pinpoint identification of specific scenes, rapid transmission or archiving, etc…

Objectives
  • The objectives of the new programme are: Maintaining and expanding the Belgian scientific expertise
  • Development of operational products and services
  • User support
  • Valorisation and promotion of Belgian know-how

This fits within the framework of the overall Belgian research strategy for remote sensing which aims at:

  • Generalising use of satellite data as a source of information
  • Contributing simultaneously to infrastructure, to data support and data use
  • Introducing of remote sensing in operational services
  • Grouping researchers into poles of expertise of international standing

The poles of expertise to be developed within the programme are:

  • Local vegetation and associated parameters/agriculture
  • Cartography and land management
  • Study of coastal regions
Start-End 15/12/2001 -  30/06/2006
Organisation Belspo - Space Research and Applications Division
Budget (€) 10,857,736.39
Projects SPIDER - Improving spatial information extraction for local and regional decision makers using very-high-resolution remotely sensed data
BELCOLOUR - Optical remote detection of coastal waters
ASARTECH - Advanced methods for SAR remote-detection processing
HYPERCRUNCH - Data analysis in hyperspectral remote sensing
CONTAM - Detection of contaminants in solid matrices and plants using hyperspectral CASI2-SWIR images
OM - Estimation of the superficial organic matter content of soils
URBAN - Spatial information extraction for urban regions based on hyperspectral data
GRASS - Use of hyperspectral measurements to characterise the vegetation of permanent prairies
SCHELDT - Airborne Hyperspectral Potential for Coastal Biogeochemistry of the Scheldt Estuary and Plume
SUGRES - Services for Urban Green Monitoring using Remote Sensing
GISproblem - The GIS problem detector
SAGRIWATEL - Monitoring the status of the Walloon agriculture with remote sensing
ETATS - Updating rate assessment system of topo-geographical data using space remote sensing
FLOODMAP - The development of an operational system to support Flanders flood prevention policy
MAMASU - Detecting man-made structures in urban areas using multi-spectral and geometric classification methods
HYPERWAVE - Validation of classification techniques developed in Hypercrunch project under various conditions
GLOBALWATCH - Automated processing of optical time series for land surface mapping and change detection
FORECAST - Forest Cartography using very high resolution SaTellite data
BIOPRESS - Linking Pan-European Land Cover Change to Pressures on Biodiversity
POLINSAR - Polarimetric SAR Interferometry
HYPERTEACH - Development of didactical material on Imaging spectroscopy
CLIMFISH - Climate change impact on the sustainable use of Lake Tanganyika fisheries
KABAR - Monitoring of coral reef in view of sustainable island development. Case study using hyperspectral remote sensing: Fordate, Tanimbar, Indonesia
HYPERPEACH - Modeling biochemical processes in orchards at leaf- and canopy-level using hyperspectral data
SAGALASSOS - Airborne Imaging Spectroscopy and Laser Scanning; the Antique Town of Sagalassos and surroudings
MINPACT - Information service from hyperspectral techniques for Environmental Impact Assessment of Mining and Industrial Activities
HISMAC - Object-based segmentation and biophysical characterization of saltmarsh vegetation using hyperspectral AHS imagery
TIRIS - Measuring chemical pollutant gases in the port of Antwerp using imaging spectroscopy
HYECO - Hydro-ecological modelling supported by spectral directional imaging
TIDESED - Time-dependent changes in the optical properties of sediments detected with remote sensing
WALMET - Hyperspectral characterisation of lead dispersal from abandoned metalliferous mining in Wales, UK
HYNIM - Hyperspectral derived nitrogen indicators for maize crop
EROCROP - Analysis of the crop productivity - soil erosion relationship using hyperspectral data
ECOMALT - Application of machine learning techniques for ecotope classification based on hyperspectral images
HYSAR - Man-made object classification using fused polarimetric SAR and hyperspectral imagery data
ORMES - Operational Remote sensing Mapping of Estuarine suspended Sediment concentrations
BRADEX - Bottom Reflectance and Adjacency Experiment for Belgian coastal and inland waters
CARBIS - Detecting soil carbon and its spatial variability by Imaging Spectroscopy
STEREOCROP - Modelling crop growth based on hydrology and assimilation of remotely sensed data
RANGELAND - Remote sensing in evaluating the environmental impact of rangeland management
BLUETONGUE - Remote sensing and risk assessment of vector transmitted diseases: bluetongue
HYPERKART - Vegetatiekartering d.m.v. hyperspectrale vliegtuigopnamen, toegepast op dynamische duingebieden, slikken en schorren
VITAL - Teledetection of vitality in perennial plants
MOISGRAD - Hyperspectrale teledetectie van vochtgradiënten: de invloed van infiltratie- en kwelgebieden