National Research Programme on Remote Sensing by Satellite 3 (TELSAT 3)


The following research themes were addressed:

  • Agriculture and forestry: agrohydrology; agrarian information system; production of agricultural crops and plant pathology of crops; forest classification, wood production and phytosanitary condition of forests.
  • Land-use planning and cartography: development and application of cartographic methods; urban development; landscape typology.
  • Aspects proper to developing countries: agro-pastoral systems in regions with environmental deterioration; cities and urban areas in developing countries; desertification process (soil dynamics and geomorphology, types of vegetation and their development).
  • Geological prospecting: determination of rocks and ore formations.
  • Development of scientific instruments: infrared spectrometer and software for image processing.
  • Atmospheric research: monitoring of forecast and actual evaporation via satellite data.
  • Pilot project ERS-1: hyperfrequency and soil moisture; agricultural crops and land use inventory; beach dynamics in correlation with marine meteorological data.
  • to develop a second generation of applications, making greater use of radar imagery and integrating remote sensing with GIS for environmental management purposes;
  • to transfer the scientific know-how acquired in the previous phases of the programme to the potential user community, and to generalize the use of remote sensing;
  • to encourage Belgian participation to international programmes concerning the use of new sensors, in order to maintain a leading edge to scientific research
Start-End 31/12/1993 -  31/12/1995
Organisation Belspo - Space Research and Applications Division
Budget (€) 8,329,222.43
Projects - - Determination and updating of conurbation boundaries
- - "Environmental accounting" of mangrove ecosystems
- - Development of a soil moisture SAR inversion model
- - Contribution of remote sensing to the organisation of medical assistance
- - Integrated information system for the hydrological management in the Walloon region: digital cartography, use of satellite imagery and modelling
- - Sediment transport and dynamics of the coastline (Vietnam)
- - Use of optical and SAR satellite imagery for archaeological research
- - RS in an integrated system for agriculture management and control
- - Soil salinity and waterlogging in agricultural lands
- - Use of satellite images and GIS for project- and impactstudies of the NGO OXFAM
- - Development of a baseline information system as a supporting tool for forest management planning using RS en GIS techniques. Case study: Kayan Mentarang Reserve (Kalimantan)
- - Development of a basis information layer for the monitoring and cartography of a rural area in Flanders
- - Updating of road maps
- - Upscaling of field-measured biophysical variables to remote sensing time series using geostatistics
- - ERS1 & SPOT contribution to morphologic and bathymetric study of the North Sea and the Scheldt estuary
- - Detection of sea bottom topography on the Belgian continental platform
- - Validation and improvement of the quality of the operational wave prediction model mu-wave by the use of ERS-1 satellite data
- - ERS 1 demonstration and evaluation of radar interferometry
- - ERS 1 monitoring of forest resources
- - Contribution of data from radar and IR sensors for the survey of oceanic coastal phenomena
- - ERS1 SAR application potential to flood monitoring in the Walloon region
- - Natural risk evaluation by using RS : ERS data lineaments research in the Pastaza Basin Ecuador
- - Study of river plume fronts by Synthetic Aperture Radar (SARr) imagery with application to the Rhine – Meuse plume
- - Landscape ecological mapping based on Landsat and SPOT imagery
- - Main ecological and agricultural networks
- - Fundamental GIS research: error modelling in GIS
- - Tropical forest monitoring and management
- - Spatial analysis and modelling of deforestation processes in Southern Cameroon
- - Land degradation in the dry tropics
- - Operational assessment of actual evapotranspiration from METEOSAT data
- - Multitemporal SAR data for crop monitoring – signal modelling and analysis of biophysical variables dynamic
- - Interferometry radar: MNT and geodesy. Three complementary approaches for the neotectonic study an the evaluation of seismic risks
- - Study of the dispersion of fresh water (from the Scheldt and the Rhine/Meuse) by the interpretation of images from NOAA AVHRR, ERS-1/2 ATSR and ERS-1/2 SAR
- - Study of altimetric and scatterometric responses to non-fully developed seas
- - Study of the microwave signature of bare soils with regard to soil moisture
- - Determination of spatial characteristics of soil moisture in rural areas by means of ERS1/2 and JERS SAR data and hydrologic modelling
- - Research on the capabilities of ERS-SAR for monitoring of land use changes in the Neotropics
- - TREES-program: "Tropical forest experiment for seasonality modelling of the tropical forest"
- - TREES-program: 'Relation between the architecture of tropical forest and its spectral signature at different spatial resolutions'
- - Study of cloud-dependent bi-directional reflection functions and directional emission functions by collocation of Meteosat and ScaRaB pixels
- - Multispectral satellite observations and mechanistic vegetation models connected to the global carbon cycle
- - A study on the spatial distribution of classification accuracy
- - Potential use of ERS-SAR.PRI data to discriminate natural and degraded woody vegetation types in Central Africa
- - Development of an electromagnetic inversion model for forests
- - Design and development of a module “spatial RS and urban management” (oriented towards developing countries) in an Arcview-GIS environment.
- - Modelling of satellite information for regional management planning
- - Modelling of land degradation via artificial neural networks
- - Installation of a WWW server on Belnet for the vulgarisation of the use of SPOT images
- - Analysis of the interaction between radar retrodiffusion and the state-of-the-ground surface
- - A database and network service for tropical vegetation in Central Africa
- - SAR image rectification using an interferometric DEM
- - Geocoding SPOT XS image coverage of Belgium: evaluation and optimisation of rectification procedures
- - The use of SPOT imagery to monitor the plant Chromolena and to evaluate biodiversity in African forests with SPOT
- - Information extraction for the Tele Atlas "Street Network Database" using KOSMOS satellite images
- - Use of satellite imagery for the monitoring of elements and structure of the landscape for regional planning
- - Contribution of satellite images to the detection and characterisation of frontsystems in the North Sea
- - Application of RS and GIS to assess malaria incidence (Vietnam)
- - Project UN Map : speedy cartography of areas under Belgian responsibility
- - Classification of clouds by visible and IR Meteosat images
- - Observation of the Equatorial forest with ERS-1 SAR
- - Data processing in the field of coastal zone studies