Context and objectives
The objective of REDD payment distribution mechanisms is to support policies and measures that reduce deforestation and degradation through transfer of revenues from international REDD funds or carbon markets to (or within) national levels (GOFC-GOLD 2009). This may provide benefits of three types: a) shared responsibility for reducing a major driver of global climate change, b) financial payments and co-investment that exceed the economic opportunities foregone from decisions to maintain carbon stocks, and c) co-benefits through the other environmental service functions that well-maintained forests can provide. To ensure demonstrable results on emission reduction, REDD must be effective in targeting the wide range of agents involved in deforestation and degradation. Therefore they must incentivize and reward good performances compared to reference scenarios and adequately compensate agents that suffer losses from changed practices. In this respect, valuable lessons can be learned from past and ongoing conservation efforts that have apparently failed. International REDD payments are likely to be performance based, both in terms of emission reduction at national scale and the environmental and social impacts of the system, meaning that accountability, transparency, risk management, adequate benefits transfer and administration mechanisms will be essential for attracting investment (Van Noordwijk et al. 2008).
Expected scientific results
This cluster proposal will bring together the most important Belgian scientific partners working on REDD+ related topics, to form a Belgian REDD knowledge centre. This direct collaboration is expected to result in more joined proposals. Concrete outputs will be:
- A1-paper(s) on the case studies in Indonesia, Vietnam, Kenya and/or Ethiopia.
- A1-paper on methodological and political problems and issues in REDD+ (as identified by the case studies).
- A policy paper (for DGDC, BTC and DG environment) drawing lessons from the case studies.
- A workshop or dedicated session during an international conference, foreseen mid-2011.
- A website with relevant information to different stakeholders.
REDD initiatives are to a large extent linked to development aid. A better knowledge base will help the administrations of DGDC to make more informed choices about what REDD – mechanisms can operate under which conditions. Relevant results for the policy research will be communicated to the DGDC through the KLIMOS* O platform.
|Project leader(s):||VITO (Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek)|