Published on 25 March 2021
The evolution of vector-borne diseases
Vector-Borne Diseases (VBD) are diseases that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by “vectors” such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. For example Malaria, Dengue fever or Lyme disease are some of the most common Vector-Borne diseases.
Every year, more than one billion people are affected, of which a large proportion is due to diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. The World Health Organization, responsible to provide guidance for urgent strengthening of vector control and prevent disease outbreaks, estimates that vector-borne diseases account for more than 17% of all infectious diseases, with more than half of the world’s population at risk.
It is therefore important that we monitor and forecast these diseases in order to prevent upcoming outbreaks. FARSEER, a new online tool developed by a consortium of three European Public Institutes and three SME's (Avia-GIS, CISC, Ergo, Irideon, UPF and BPI), allows us to prevent and mitigate countless infections or possible deaths. FARSEER uses among others satellite predictors and their derived products such as land cover maps. We use both lower and higher spatial and temporal resolution to estimate the risk that these diseases pose.