Capacity building for sustainable development: establishment and application of a geographical information system to support sustainable coastal zone management in North Vietnam

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Context and objectives

Different key economic functions such as port an shipping activities, industry (cement, engineering, ship building, etc.), mining (construction materials, coal, ...), fishing, agriculture, forestry and tourism. Together with this economic development, the population increased and urbanisation expanded. On its turn, this development resulted in more services, land transport and building activities. This fast economic development has also adversely impacted the coastal and marine environment. Understanding these impacts is crucial to sustainable development.

This project is a pilot project that aims at evaluating the potential of different remote sensing and GIS techniques to study the land uses in the area of Ha Long Bay and Hai Phong. Moreover, the results were compared with the quantifiable aspects of the development plans for Quang Ninh and Hai Phong. The outcome of this comparison makes the results more useful for planners and policy makers.

Project outcome

Expected scientific results

The following maps were established: 1. Change analysis based on NDVI differences (SPOT 1995-2000 images): Hai Phong / Quang Ninh region 2. Land cover classification of IKONOS 2001: Hai Phong area part (a) 3. Land cover classification of IKONOS 2001: Hai Phong area part (b) 4. Land cover classification of LANDSAT 1999-2000: detailed study of Cat Ba 5. Land cover classification of SPOT December 1995: Hai Phong / Quang Ninh region 6. Land cover classification of SPOT November 2000 image: detailed study of Cat Ba 7. Land cover classification of SPOT November 2000: Hai Phong / Quang Ninh region 8. Land cover classification of SPOT September 2000: Hai Phong / Quang Ninh region 9. Coastline evolution: Cat Hai - West Cat Ba 10. Coastline evolution: Doson 11. Coastline evolution: Hai Phong and Dinh Vu 12. Soil and land use map: Bai Chai 13. Soil and land use map: Cam Pha 14. Soil and land use map: Do Son 15. Main dykes 16. Mapping of waterbodies 17. River flood mapping 18. Salinity and water quality sampling spots 19. Sediment mapping by image substraction between band 2 of SPOT 14-09-2000 and SPOT 5-11-2000 20. Sediment mapping by image substraction between band 2 of SPOT 24-12-1994 and SPOT 5-11-2000 21. Tidal flood mapping based on SAR images: Halong area 22. Tidal flood mapping based on SPOT images from 1994-1995: Halong area 23. Tidal flood mapping besed on SPOT images from 2000: Halong area 24. Digitised masterplan for the Hai Phong area 25. Districts and transportation in Hai Phong and Quang Ninh 26. Facilities and historical sites in Hai Phong and Quang Ninh All basic data are organised in a GIS. The scientific data were interpreted in an environmental management and planning context.
Project leader(s): ULg - Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech - Echanges Eau-Sol-Plante
Location: Region:
  • North Vietnam

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